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WHAT ARE INCOERMS?

INCOTERMS are a set of three-letter standard trade terms most commonly used in international contracts for the sale of goods.

It is essential that you are aware of your terms of trade prior to shipment.

 

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TERMS FOR ANY TRANSPORT MODE

 

EXW(EX WORKS)

EXW named place of delivery - The seller's only responsibility is to make the goods available at the seller's premises. The buyer bear full cost and risks of moving the goods from there to destination.

 

FCA(FREE CARRIER)

FCA named place of delivery - The seller delivers the goods, cleared for export, to the carrier sellected by the buyer. The seller loads the goods if the carrier pickup is at the seller's premises. From that point, the buyer bears the costs and risks of moving the goods to destination.

 

CPT(CARRIAGE PAID TO)

CPT named place of destination - The seller pays for movingthe goods to destination. From the time the goods are transferred to the first carrier, the buyer bear the risks of loss or damage.

 

CIP(CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID TO)

CIP named place of destination - The seller pays for moving the goods to destination. From the time the goods are transferred to the first carrier, the buyer bears the risks of loss or damage. The seller, however, purchases the cargo insurance.

 

DAT(DELIVERED AT TERMINAL)

DAT named terminal at port or place of destination - The seller delivers when the goods, once unloaded from the arriving means of transport, are placed at the buyer's disposal at an named terminal at the named port or place of destination. "Terminal" includes any place, whether covered or not, such as a quay, warehouse, container yard or road, rail or air cargo terminal. The seller bears all risks involved in bringing the goods to and unloading them at the terminal at the named port or place of destination.

 

DDP(DELIVERED AT PLACE)

DDP named place - The seller delivers the goods cleared for import to the buyer at destination. The seller bears all cost and risks of moving the goods to destination, including the payment of customs duties and taxes.

 

MARITIME ONLY TERMS

 

FAS(FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP)

FAS named port of shipment - The seller delivers the goods to the origin. From that point, the buyer bears all costs and risks of loss or damage.

 

FOB(FREE ON BOARD)

FOB named port of shipment - The seller delivers the goods on board the ship and clears the goods for export, Frm that point, the buyer bears all costs and risks of loss or damage.

 

CFR(COST AND FREIGHT)

CFR named port of destination - The seller clears the goods for export and pays the costs of moving the goods to destination. The buyer bears all risks of loss or damages.

 

CIF(COST INSURANCE AND FREIGHT)

CIF named port of detination -  The seller clears the goods for export and pays the costs of moving the goods to the port of destination. The buyer bears all risks of loss or damages. The seller, however, purchases the cargo insurance.

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